Influenza Pandemic Preparation and Response: A Citizen's Guide
q Be prepared to recognize and treat symptoms of the flu. q Understand the importance of hydration.
Recognize symptoms of dehydration and treat it immediately. q Know when to seek medical care for adults and children.
Communication and Volunteering
A Flu Pandemic would overwhelm the current system and our existing health care resources either we develop resilient communities or tens of thousands will die who might be saved.
— Dr Peter Landsman and Dr Jody Lanard
In this chapter you will learn
- Infrastructure problems during a pandemic
- Alternative methods of communication
- Volunteering during a pandemic
After reading this chapter, you will be able to
- Prepare for the collapse of traditional communication methods
- Understand the critical importance of trained volunteers
When outbreaks first occur, local infrastructure will likely be in working order.
Take advantage of this luxury to stay updated on current news and public warnings set out by local and national authorities.
During a pandemic there will likely be significant disruption of public and privately owned critical infrastructure including transportation, commerce, utilities, public safety, and communications.
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This disruption will be partly caused by mass absenteeism, illness, and death of the people in charge of maintaining these areas. For example, in Georgia, estimated deaths are 57,000 and an additional 2,688,000 are expected to fall ill.
In California, the estimate is 235,000 deaths and 10,713,000 sick. 12
While communications are still in working order, frequently check for updates on these websites.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov
- Website about pandemic influenza managed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: www.pandemicflu.gov
- World Health Organization: www.who.int
- Your state or county's department of public health website
- For general information about influenza: see www.fluwikie.com
The Internet will be a main source of information during an emergency.
The CDC estimated that 97% of all internet users and 64% of all non-users expect to be able to find important information online. After September 11th, using the Internet as a main news source grew 8%. The 2001 anthrax attacks also demonstrated this, and additionally led to the prevalence of false information and "panic-baiting."
Blogs are another growing source of information that often fill in what is missing in news reports. These may appeal to individuals and communities coping with the effects of a pandemic.
All the free information on the Internet comes with it the need for monitoring that information for accuracy and truth. Technorati (http://technorati.com) tracks and monitors ~50 million blogs.
Ok, I definitely spuropt people who wear their hair natural. I tried to wear it natural but I have a lot of hair and the only way I could wear it and have it look nice is if I cut it (my beautician told me this) but I love my hair so I could never do it. Plus, it's a lot of work since my hair is really thick and it's long My mom wears her hair natural and it's beautiful and looks amazing on her. But I hate when people say to wear it any other way but natural is self-hating and it's unnatural. So are white people who bleach their hair and curl it or straighten it everyday self-hating ? Or the term only apply to girls who wear weaves or perm their hair?i meant to say, it's, well, unnatural Isn't it unnatural for white girls to alter the look of their hair, too?White girls wear weaves too what do you call those clip-on things? That's not real hair.A lot of white actresses wear weaves too!WINTER BLOSSOM you are the same girl who said that you don't like when black women wear weaves because it's unnatural so my question for you is why do you care about how black women wear their hair?yeah sunshine same here!
But during a pandemic, this information will be harder to monitor so find a news source that you trust and stick with it.
Owing to the fast spread of information, world media outlets such as radio, newspapers, T.V., and the Internet will be rapidly dispersing information as soon as evidence of a regional outbreak of influenza is detected.
The Creed in the Western Rite dates only from about the 10th century. It was a rgeeufe' from the rites of initiation, and hence used the first person singular since those joining the Church were required to make a personal profession of faith. That's the only reason why it uses Credo and not Credimus (which, speaking from memory, does actually exist in early MMS — I think Denzinger gives examples; I am away from my office and cannot check).My contention would be that there is a world of difference between a personal profession of faith given by a candidate for baptism or reception into the Church and a corporate profession of faith uttered by the celebrating body. In other words, it's fine for a nearly-neophyte to say I , but once you're a member of the body then you are entitled to say We with everyone else. That, I feel sure, was the theological position underlying ICET's decision to go with We rather than I . They recognized that I was simply the result of a historical accident around the 10th century, rather than a statement of theological principle by the Church as a whole.ICET therefore opted to use the Greek text as a base text for the their work, while incorporating the later modifications from the Latin text that Jeffrey mentions. (The fact that they included them in no way detracts from their choice of the Greek as the principal base text.) In that way, they hoped amongst other things to keep everyone happy — i.e. all the Churches involved in this ecumenical translation initiative.No one compelled ICEL to adopt the ICET translation for the 1973 Missal. They did so because it was recognized to be the best translation out there, and since Catholics had been involved in its production it was not in any sense heretical.
However, as the pandemic grows, local communications infrastructure, such as power and telephone lines may be compromised significantly thus limiting information dissemination.
- If there is a power failure in your area, this incoming information will be harder to receive.
- Local power failures will lead to loss of T.V., cell phone chargers, and anything else in your home that requires a power source.
- Landlines can sometimes operate during a blackout, but are unlikely to function reliably.
- Cell phone towers have back-up capability but it is not a large source and they, too, may soon become inoperable.
to account for the iloilusn of motion which results when a series of film images isdisplayed in quick succession, rather than the perception of theindividual frames in the series.Persistence of vision should be compared with the related phenomena of beta movement and phi movement. A critical part of understandingthese visual perception phenomena is that the eye is not a camera, i.e.:there is no frame rate or scan rate in the eye. Instead, the eye/brain system has a combination of motion detectors, detail detectors and patterndetectors, the outputs of all of which are combined to create the visual experience.,Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging items(often with symbolic significance) in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect.It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations,and modes of expression, including music, literature, film,photography, sculpture, and paintings. The meaning of art is explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics, and evendisciplines such as history and psychology analyze its relationshipwith humans and generations.LCD teknolojisi ile birlikte gelic59fen transparan LCD c3bczerinde oluc59fan gc3b6rc3bcntc3bcnc3bcn kuvetli bir projektc3b6r c4b1c59fc4b1c49fc4b1 ilemerceklere yansc4b1tc4b1larak istenilen mesafedeki bir perde c3bczerinde gc3b6rc3bcntc3bcnc3bcn odaklac59ftc4b1rc4b1larak gc3b6rsellik elde etmeteknic49fine verilen genel addc4b1r.Genellikle bc3bcyc3bck c59firketlerde idari kadronun ec49fitimi ic3a7in sunumlarda kullanc4b1lsadadaha sonra toplu gc3b6sterim amacc4b1 olarak yaygc4b1nlac59fmc4b1c59f ve son kullanc4b1cc4b1 tabir edilen ev kullanc4b1cc4b1sc4b1nc4b1n bilealabilecec49fi kadar fiyatlarc4b1 makul dc3bczeye dc3bcc59fmc3bcc59ftc3bcr.Elektronik, serbest elektronlarc4b1n hareketi'nin denetimini konu edinen bilim dalc4b1dc4b1r.Bc3bctc3bcn elektronikcihazlarda, bilgisayar cep telefonu vs hepsinde temel c3a7alc4b1c59fma prensibi iletken c3bczerinden akan elektronlarc4b1 kontrollc3bc bir c59fekilde ilgili elektronik parc3a7alara iletmektir.Elektronik cihazlar binary sayc4b1 sistemimantc4b1c49fc4b1 ile c3a7alc4b1c59fc4b1r.Binary ingilizce bir sc3b6zcc3bcktc3bcr ikili sayc4b1 demektir.Lakin binary mantc4b1c49fc4b1 sadeceinsan ve cihaz arasc4b1ndaki iletic59fimi sac49flamak ic3a7in c3bcretilmic59f bir tekniktir.Elektronik cihazlaric3a7in gec3a7erli kural,elektirik akc4b1mc4b1nc4b1n varlc4b1c49fc4b1 veya yokluc49fu'dur.Fizic49fin optik olarak adlandc4b1rc4b1lan kc4b1smc4b1 c4b1c59fc4b1c49fc4b1n davranc4b1c59fc4b1nc4b1 inceler. Ic59fc4b1c49fc4b1n uzayda izledic49fi yoluinceleyen optic49fe geometrik optik diyoruz. Geometrik optic49fin ic3a7inde de kc4b1rc4b1nc4b1m, giric59fim ve yansc4b1ma-kc4b1rc4b1lma olaylarc4b1 bulunmaktadc4b1r. c396nce basit olan olaydan bac59flarsak; yansc4b1ma ve kc4b1rc4b1lma gc3bcnlc3bck hayatta c3a7c4b1plak gc3b6zlegc3b6rc3bclebilen olaylardc4b1r. c396rnec49fin, yarc4b1sc4b1 su ile doldurulmuc59f bir bardac49fc4b1n ic3a7ine bir c3a7ubuk koyarsak c3a7ubuc49fubir doc49fru c59feklinde gc3b6remeyiz. Bunun nedeni c4b1c59fc4b1c49fc4b1n kc4b1rc4b1lma indisleri farklc4b1 bir ortamdan dic49ferine gec3a7mesidir.Snell Yasasc4b1 ile ifade edilir.Dc3bcz bir aynanc4b1n karc59fc4b1sc4b1na gec3a7tic49finizde neden odanc4b1n ic3a7indeki her c59feyi dec49fil de bazc4b1 c59feyleri gc3b6rebiliyoruz? Bunu da yansc4b1ma c3b6zellic49fi ile ac3a7c4b1klayabiliriz. Dc3bczgc3bcn bir yansc4b1tc4b1cc4b1ya gc3b6nderilen c4b1c59fc4b1k, dc3bczlemin normaline hangi ac3a7c4b1 ile gelirse o ac3a7c4b1 ile geri dc3b6ner. Demek ki odanc4b1n ic3a7inde gc3b6rdc3bcc49fc3bcnc3bcz cisimlerin gc3b6nderdic49fi c4b1c59fc4b1nlar,aynadan yansc4b1dc4b1klarc4b1 zaman gc3b6zc3bcnc3bcze geliyordur.Giric59fim olayc4b1 c3bcst c3bcste binme ya da yok etme ile sonuc3a7lanc4b1r. Giric59fim yapan dalgalar arasc4b1ndaki faz farkc4b1180 derece ise ve dalga boylarc4b1 ec59fit ise son dalga genlic49fi iki kat artar. Ec49fer 0 derece ise birbirleriniyok ederler.Kc4b1rc4b1nc4b1m olayc4b1 bir dalganc4b1n engellere c3a7arparak kenarlarc4b1ndan bc3bckc3bclmesidir. Herhangi bir yarc4b1ktan gec3a7en dalga dsina = + ? kadar yol alc4b1r. (burada x gec3a7en dalganc4b1n dalgaboyudur.)Giric59fim, kc4b1rc4b1nc4b1m ve kutuplanma (polarizasyon) olaylarc4b1 c4b1c59fc4b1c49fc4b1n dalga yapc4b1sc4b1nc4b1 desteklerken fotoelektrik olay, Compton olayc4b1 ve kara cisim c4b1c59fc4b1masc4b1 c4b1c59fc4b1c49fc4b1n tanecikli yapc4b1da olduc49funu gc3b6sterir. Ic59fc4b1k c3a7ift karakterli olup, hem dalga hem de tanecik c3b6zellic49fi tac59fc4b1r.Akc4b1llc4b1 Sc4b1nc4b1flar (Smart Classrooms), c3b6c49fretilen mc3bcfredatc4b1n daha iyi uygulanabilmesi,derslerin ic59fitsel ve gc3b6rsel olarak daha zengin bir bic3a7imde c3b6c49fretilebilmesi vec3b6c49frencilerin daha donanc4b1mlc4b1 ec49fitilebilmesi ic3a7in hazc4b1rlanmc4b1c59f sc4b1nc4b1flardc4b1r ancakec49fitimde teknoloji ne kadar fazla kullanc4b1lc4b1rsa kullanc4b1lsc4b1n c3b6c49frencileri arac59ftc4b1rma, sorgulama ve c3b6zgc3bcr dc3bcc59fc3bcnmeye yc3b6nendirmiyorsa hic3a7 bir ic59fe yaramaz.Akc4b1llc4b1 Sc4b1nc4b1flarc4b1n ic3a7erisinde projeksiyon cihazc4b1, tepegc3b6z, dizc3bcstc3bc bilgisayar, internet bac49flantc4b1sc4b1, interaktif tahta, dc3b6kc3bcman kamerasc4b1, sunum kumandasc4b1, ses sistemi, renkli lazer yazc4b1cc4b1, motorlu projeksiyon perdesi gibi yc3bcksekteknoloji c3bcrc3bcnleri bulunmaktadc4b1r. 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- Add a battery operated or hand-crank radio to your emergency kit. (be sure to stock batteries and to replace them every 6 months!) Make sure the radio picks up AM, FM, and short wave stations.
- Obtain your Ham radio license and see if anyone in your neighborhood owns a Ham radio. Ham Radio is part of the Amateur Radio Service Check it out at www.arrl.org.
* Create a network of neighbors, family, co-workers, and friends to stay in contact with throughout the duration of a pandemic.
Alternative Methods of Communication
Communication skills during stressful times
Most experts predict that the vast majority of people will act rationally in the case of a pandemic.
Creative coping will be the norm. Panic will be the exception.
Fear can be mediated by information, which highlights the crucial role of effective communication.
In a serious crisis, it's important to remember that people take in, process, and react to information differently.
Since information is bound to change often, people will have emotions ranging from fear to disbelief and even panic. Communicating about scary risks and disasters that do not have an immediate, visible threat (such as pandemic influenza) is oftentimes challenging.
These are some simple but important techniques that you can use to more effectively communicate your message through all pandemic phases.
- Be honest.
Speak the truth don't manage the message. Educate people on how to best prepare, stockpile, recognize, and treat influenza, and where to go for information.
- Be clear and concise when communicating information. Avoid using jargon and short hand when talking to people who know little about influenza.
Reminds me of Arlo Guthrie Alice's Restaurant, about So get off the bench and sing. At first they think you are nuts, and do not listen. But if you two do it bacuese they think you are so bundles [remember, this is 1965], and not trust or one of you. But if the three youget up, bacuese people do business. And nothing can stop the business. mad or not, this is how leadership happens.
Overwhelming people from the start may lower the impact of your message.
- Don't make promises that can't be kept.
It's best not to tell people everything will be all right, because, sadly, everything won't be all right. If you're caring for someone, let them know you're doing everything you can for them.
Behaviors will impact infection rates13. Denial, high-risk behavior such as coughing without covering or not washing your hands, believing "someone else" will take care of "it", or just ignoring the problem will all lead to higher infection rates and more rapid transmission of the illness.
The fact is that no one is immune, and we all need to take responsibility for our actions.
Mental toughness is more important than physical toughness13.
Self-sufficiency, a desire to survive, and good coping strategies are powerful tools you can use.
Your own health must come before tending to the needs of others.
If you don't take care of your own health, you will be of little use to those that need you. You may experience, see, and hear particularly challenging, difficult, and unpleasant things.
Vicarious trauma, that is, experiencing the trauma of others as your own because of your close proximity and contact with it, is an occupational hazard for people living through a pandemic or any other disaster.